Did you Know that:
- The Creeks were a confederation of forty-four bands
whose members lived in separate towns, each of which had a king who was
supposed to keep track of its citizens.
- In 1860, the total number of slaves held by The Five
tribes was 7,369 according to a U.S. Government report.
- Cow Tom, Harry Island, and Ketch Barnett were all
interpreters instrumental in forging the treaty of 1866. Each was of
- In 1890, The population of Negro descent in The Five
Tribes which included former slaves, was 4,621 in the Creek Nation.
- According to the 1890 Federal Population Census 9, 291
Creeks, 708 other Indians, 4,621 Negroes, 3,289 whites, and 3 Chinese were
living in Creek Nation.
- The Colbert Commission, a citizenship body was authorized
to summon witnesses, take testimony, and make final decisions. The
Commission admitted 79 blacks and 156 citizens by blood and rejected 202
blacks and 99 persons claiming citizenship by blood before it was
abolished on September 30, 1896.
- In cases of mixed freedmen and Indian parents, which was
common [practice] among the Creeks and Seminoles, the applicant was always
enrolled as a “freedman” and not given credit for having any Indian blood.
Carter, Kent, The Dawes Commission and the Allotment of the
Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914-Ancestry.Com/ Incorporated, P.O. Box 990, Orem, Utah 84057. 1999
The Five Civilized Tribes In Indian Territory: The Cherokee,
Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek and Seminole Nations. United States Census Printing Office,
Washington D.C. , 1894 Headed by Robert P. Porter, Superintendent from
April 30, 1890 to July 31, 1893 and Carroll D. Wright, Commissioner of Labor in
charge. Appointed October 5, 1893.
Treaty between the United States of America and the Creek
Nation of Indians; Concluded June 14, 1866; Ratification advised, with
Amendments, July 19, 1866; Amendments accepted July 23, 1866; Proclaimed August